Information about treatment, what is it?
Dental filling is a dental restorative material used to restore missing tooth structure, typically as a consequence of caries or external trauma. It may also be removed intentionally during tooth preparation to improve the aesthetics or the physical integrity of the intended restorative material.
An extraction is the removal of a tooth from the dental alveolus (socket) in the alveolar bone. Extractions are performed for a wide variety of reasons, but most commonly to remove teeth which have become unrestorable through tooth decay, periodontal disease or dental trauma; especially when they are associated with toothache
Tooth extraction is usually relatively straightforward, and the vast majority can be usually performed quickly while the individual is awake by using local anaesthetic injections to eliminate painful sensations. Local anaesthetic blocks pain, but mechanical forces are still vaguely felt. Some teeth are more difficult to remove for several reasons, especially related to the tooth's position, the shape of the tooth roots and the integrity of the tooth.
Dental phobia is an issue for some individuals, and tooth extraction tends to be feared more than other dental treatments like fillings. If a tooth is buried in the bone, a surgical approach may be required, which involves cutting the gum away and removal of the bone which is holding the tooth in with a surgical drill. After the tooth is removed, stitches are used to replace the gum into the normal position.
Immediately after the tooth is removed, a bite pack is used to apply pressure to the tooth socket and stop the bleeding. After a tooth extraction, dentists usually give advice which revolves around not disturbing the blood clot in the socket by not touching the area with a finger or the tongue, by avoiding vigorous rinsing of the mouth and avoiding strenuous activity. If the blood clot is dislodged, bleeding can restart, or alveolar osteitis ("dry socket") can develop, which can be very painful and lead to delayed healing of the socket. Smoking must be avoided for at least 24 hours as it impairs wound healing and makes dry socket significantly more likely. Most advise hot salt water mouth baths which start 24 hours after the extraction.
Removing infected pulp during root canal.
Endodontic therapy or root canal therapy is a sequence of treatment for the infected pulp of a tooth which results in the elimination of infection and the protection of the decontaminated tooth from future microbial invasion. Root canals and their associated pulp chamber are the physical hollows within a tooth that are naturally inhabited by nerve tissue, blood vessels and other cellular entities which together constitute the dental pulp. Endodontic therapy involves the removal of these structures, the subsequent shaping, cleaning, and decontamination of the hollows with small files and irrigating solutions, and the obturation (filling) of the decontaminated canals with an inert filling such as gutta-percha.
It is an endodontic surgical procedure whereby a tooth's root tip is removed and a root end cavity is prepared and filled with a biocompatible material.
This is usually required when a conventional root canal therapy had failed and a re-treatment was already unsuccessful or is not advised. State-of-the-art procedures make use of microsurgical techniques, such as a dental operating microscope, micro instruments, ultrasonic preparation tips and calcium-silicate based filling materials.
For different reasons, in general coming from the background of the patient, it may be recommended to work under conscious sedation. This form of sedation reduces the anxiety that the patient feels and makes easier for him and the dental team to provide the required treatment in order to ensure that the oral health is properly maintained.
A veneer is a thin layer of porcelain that covers the front teeth in order to get a better aesthetic, close gaps, repair broken teeth and repair the tooth after tooth decay.
A crown is an artificial restoration that fits over the remaining part of a prepared tooth, making it strong and giving it the shape of a natural tooth. A crown is sometimes known as a 'cap'. It may be of different materials as porcelain, metal alloy or even gold alloy.
Crowns and veneers are principal treatments of cosmetics when they are done fully in porcelain.
Bridges, partial dentures, full dentures and implants are different ways to replace missing teeth. Implants, due to its surgical nature, are explained independently.
The main difference between bridge and partial denture is that bridges are not removable and the partial dentures are and must be removed to ensure a good oral hygiene. Bridges are fixed to health teeth in your mouth, which work as pillars of the false teeth that form the bridge. Bridges come in one piece from the dental laboratory.
Full dentures replace all the teeth in the upper or lower jaw.
A dental implant is used to support one or more false teeth. It is a titanium screw that can replace the root of a tooth when it fails. Just like a tooth root, it is placed into the jawbone.
Orthodontic treatment is a way of straightening or moving teeth, to improve the appearance of the teeth and how they work. It can also help to look after the long-term health of your teeth, gums and jaw joints, by spreading the biting pressure over all your teeth.